fbpx

< Back to Thought Leadership

Taxable Income too high for 2018? Consider Paying Bonuses to Employees

With the passing of the New Year, many tax planning strategies businesses use to reduce their tax liability for the year expire. However, you may be able to accrue and pay employee bonuses for 2018 in 2019 and still deduct them on your 2018 tax return. In certain circumstances, businesses can deduct bonuses employees have earned during a tax year if the bonuses are paid to the employees within 2½ months after the end of that year (by March 15 for a calendar-year company).

Basic Requirements

First, only accrual-basis taxpayers can take advantage of the 2½ month rule. Cash-basis taxpayers must deduct bonuses in the year they’re paid, regardless of when they’re earned.

Second, even for accrual-basis taxpayers, the 2½ month rule isn’t automatic. The bonuses can be deducted on the tax return for the year they’re earned only if the business’s bonus liability was fixed by the end of the year.

Passing the Test

For accrual-basis taxpayers, a liability (such as a bonus) is deductible when it is incurred. To determine this, the IRS applies the “all-events test.” Under this test, a liability is incurred when:

  • All events have occurred that establish the taxpayer’s liability,
  • The amount of the liability can be determined with reasonable accuracy, and
  • Economic performance has occurred.

Generally, the last requirement isn’t an issue; it’s satisfied when an employee performs the services required to earn a bonus. But the first two requirements can delay your tax deduction until the year of payment, depending on how your bonus plan is designed.

For example, many bonus plans require an employee to still be an employee on the payment date to receive the bonus. Even when the amount of each employee’s bonus is fixed at the end of the tax year, if employees who leave the company before the payment date forfeit their bonuses, the all-events test isn’t satisfied until the payment date. Why? The business’s liability for bonuses isn’t fixed until then.

Diving Into a Bonus Pool

Fortunately, it’s possible to accelerate deductions with a carefully designed bonus pool arrangement. According to the IRS, employers may deduct bonuses in the year they’re earned — even if there’s a risk of forfeiture — as long as any forfeited bonuses are reallocated among the remaining employees in the bonus pool rather than retained by the employer.

Under such a plan, an employer satisfies the all-events test because the aggregate bonus amount is fixed at the end of the year. It doesn’t matter that amounts allocated to specific employees aren’t determined until the payment date.

When you can deduct bonuses?

So does your current bonus plan allow you to take 2018 deductions for bonuses paid in early 2019? If you’re not sure, contact your local Blue & Co. advisor for clarity. We can review your situation and determine when you can deduct your bonus payments.

If you’re an accrual taxpayer but don’t qualify to accelerate your bonus deductions this time, we can help you design a bonus plan for 2019 that will allow you to accelerate deductions when you file your 2019 return next year.

Federal Perkins Loan Program Announcements

Federal Perkins Loan Program Announcements

Electronic announcements May 3, 2019 and May 24, 2019 Colleges and universities who participate in the Federal Perkins Program are no longer able to award or disburse new Perkins Loans. The Department of Education (“Department”) continues to release new announcements and thus, changes and updates to the program that participating colleges and universities should consider […]

Learn More
Credits and Incentives An extra return on your investments.

Credits and Incentives: An extra return on your investments.

The topic is always in the news — a state or city offering a major corporation a generous package of incentives to relocate or even to keep their operations in place. However, did you realize, you do not necessarily have to be a Fortune 500 company to negotiate those benefits? Because state and local incentives […]

Learn More
Contract Labor Impact on Wage Index

Contract Labor: Impact on Wage Index

Outsourcing is a common practice in all areas of business, including the healthcare sector. Although this is a major expense for a hospital, it can have an effect on the wage index factor impacting Medicare reimbursement. The wage index factor is determined through a hospital’s wage index average hourly wage which includes both employees on […]

Learn More